His father, Thabit bin Zuta, a trader from Kabul (modern-day Afghanistan), was 40 years old at the time of Abu Hanifa’s birth. For that matter aren’t all those people who take hadith from Ikrima (r.a) aware of the so-called hadith that command the killing of “Kharijites”? On the authority of the historian al-Khatib, it can be said that for full twenty days people went on performing funeral prayer for him. It accepts only the Quran, the verified Sunnah of the Prophet and the universal consensus of the Companions as sources of Fiqh. However, in order to ensure that the decisions arrived at through ijtihad were in the spirit of the Qur’an, and not merely the independent whim of that particular individual, reasoning was carefully circumscribed by usul al-fiqh (the principles of jurisprudence). [35], Outside of his scholarly achievements Abu Hanifa is popularly known amongst Sunni Muslims as a man of the highest personal qualities: a performer of good works, remarkable for his self-denial, humble spirit, devotion and pious awe of God. Darussalam Press. He was never fed nor cared for. The authorship of the works attributed to Abu Hanifa is dubious. We can’t say that he never criticized him. In his reply to al-Mansur, Abū Ḥanīfah said that he was not fit for the post. So the primary source that Shaykh Atabek and Sulaiman Ahmed use to disparage Ikrima is from Imam Al-Dhahabi. One Muslim creed, known as The Greater Understanding (Fiqh Akbar) was composed for the community, according to tradition, by Abu Hanifa and it is likely that it does at least date back to Abu Hanifa’s own circle of disciples, if not from him personally. it is agreed by consensus that he was from the Khawarij. [23], Many people came to study under Imām Abu Hanifa from different parts of Muslim world in his lifetime. He resigned from the governorship of Basra and stigmatized ‘Ali’s killing of his Khariji opponents”, Source: (Scott Riraj Al Haqqa Kugle in his book: Homosexuality in Islam: Critical Reflection on Gay, Lesbian, and Transgender pg 107). [21] It was said that so many people attended his funeral that the funeral service was repeated six times for more than 50,000 people who had amassed before he was actually buried. Contradictions and no sources quoted in regards to Ikrima (r.a), “The next topic that needs to be analysed is Kirma’s religious idealogy. Wouldn’t the reasonable thing to do in this situation is to sift through the reports individually and see where a report actually might be something that benefits rulers etc? “I heard the Prophet (saw) “Do not revert to disbelief after me by striking (cutting) the necks of one another.” Source: Since releasing my https://sulaimanahmed.com/2017/07/28/ikrima-as-imam-of-modern-hanafis-part-1/ on Ikrima the Liar and Kharijite, I have received a lot of positive feedback from readers who were either blissfully unaware of the, that groups such as Deobandis and Salafis expect them to ‘respect’ as ‘Imams’ or had already, and his ‘tendencies’ and had their faith shaken, as they mistakenly believed, . 8 Death in the Prison of Baghdad; 9 Abu Hanifa's School of Thought; 10 Abu Hanifa's Beliefs. Let me also make it clear that to say that Mufti Zameel (May Allah have mercy on him) made a good point is not an endorsement of all his points. Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Criticism levelled against Imam Abu Hanifah", "Islamic Hijri Calendar For Rajab – 150 Hijri", "The Leading Fiqh Scholars (Founders of the four schools of Fiqh)", Imām-ul-A’zam Abū Ḥanīfah, The Theologian, http://www.islamicinformationcentre.co.uk/alsunna7.htm, "Imam-ul-A'zam Abū Ḥanīfah, The Theologian", "The Muslim 500: The World's 500 Most Influential Muslims", "The Scholarly Acceptance of Imam Abu Hanifah's Pronouncements on al-Jarh wa al-Ta'dil", "Answers to Doubts over the 'Aqidah of Imam Abu Hanifah", Is Fiqh ul-Akbar Imaam Abu Haneefah's book, Some teachers and students of Imam Abu Hanifa, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Abu_Hanifa&oldid=983590126, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Abu Muhammad Abdullah ibn Abdul Hakam (died 829) wrote biographies and history books, student of Malik ibn Anas, Key: Travelled extensively collecting the sayings of Muhammad and compiled books of hadith, This page was last edited on 15 October 2020, at 03:02. This is based on reports that he met at least four Sahaba including Anas ibn Malik,[10] with some even reporting that he transmitted Hadith from him and other companions of Muhammad. It was the genius of Imam Abu Haneefa that he left behind a legacy of jurisprudence, and the broadest principles that practically any jurist at any time and any place could use. 9, Book 88 Hadith 198). Then you have to wonder all that time and association with Ibn Abbas (r.a) Was it hidden from Ibn Abbas that Ikrima (r.a) was a “Kharijite”?