C(graphite) + O2(g) -> CO2 (g) , H = -393.5 kJ/mol, CO2(g) -> C(diamond) + O2(g) , H = +395.4 kJ/mol. 3.6). C(graphite) + O 2 (g) -> CO 2 (g) DH = -393.5 kJ. For … STANDARD ENTHALPY OF FORMATION FOR CO2 Hf0 CO2(gas) = Standard Enthalpy of Reaction for: C (s, graphite) + O2 (g) CO2(g) Nomenclature: Hf0 Std. Type your answer here: Graphite ---> Diamond is an exothermic process 5. Calculate the standard enthalpy of formation for diamond, given that, C(graphite) + O2(g) → CO2(g) ΔH0 = –393.5 kJ/mol, C(diamond) + O2(g) → CO2(g) ΔH0 = –395.4 kJ/mol. C(diamond) + O 2 (g) -> CO 2 (g) DH = -395.4 kJ. The reaction will always form one mole of the target substance (glucose in the example) in its standard state. Calculate the standard enthalpy of formation for diamond, given? From the entropy and enthalpy changes you found above, calculate the Gibbs free energy change at 273 K. Then, comment on the favorability of product formation (i.e. C(graphite) --> C(diamond) , H = -393.5 + 395.4 = +1.9 KJ/mol. The enthalpy of combustion of graphite is -393.5 kJ, and that of diamond is -395.4 kJ. State at 25 0C understood Formation ENTHALPY OF FORMATION N.B. Join Yahoo Answers and get 100 points today. How do you think about the answers? Being a highly ordered structure, diamond has a molar entropy lower than that of graphite, and Asd-g = -3.3 J/mole-K (see Fig. you are looking for the enthalpy of FORMATION, of C(diamond). The stable form is the one with the lowest Gibbs free energy. This is also the form with the lowest enthalpy, so graphite has a standard enthalpy of formation equal to zero. Calculate the standard enthalpy of formation for diamonds, given that C(graphite) + O_2(g) rightarrow CO_2(g) Delta H degree = -393.5 kJ/mol C(diamond) + O_2 (g) rightarrow CO_2 (g) Delta H degree = -395.4 kJ/mol kJ/mol Then you retain your graphite equation and add these two equations together. So when you apply Hess' Law, the second equation MUST be flipped so you get this equation...remember when you reverse the reaction, you must change the sign of the enthalpy (H). Hf0 for an ELEMENT in its Standard State = 0 If not in its Standard State = 0 e.g. will the product spontaneously form?) At 300 K, the enthalpy difference between diamond and graphite is Ahd-g = 1900 J/mole, with diamond less stable than graphite in this regard. Still have questions? Remember also that all elements in their standard state have an enthalpy of formation equal to zero. Calculate DH for the conversion of graphite to diamond . If you reverse the second reaction, then add the two togther, the CO2 and O2 cancel out. ? (usually 298.15 K) e. g. for C at 298.15 K and 1 atmos., most stable form is GRAPHITE (not diamond!) Note how the standard state for carbon is graphite, not diamond or buckerministerfullerene. you are looking for the enthalpy of FORMATION, of C(diamond) So, the enthalpy change is -393.5 kJ/mol + (+395.4 kJ/mol). The standard enthalpy of formation, or standard heat of formation, of a compound is the change in enthalpy that accompanies the formation of one mole of the compound from its elements in their standard states. You can sign in to vote the answer. To determine which form is zero, the more stable form of carbon is chosen. The enthalpy difference between graphite and diamond is too large for both to have a standard enthalpy of formation of zero. Which gas is mixed with propane to detect its odour? ? Remember, you flipped the second equation and not the first because you wanted to FORM , i.e. An application of Hess’s law allows us to use standard heats of formation to indirectly calculate the heat of reaction for any reaction that occurs at standard conditions. The target substance is always formed from elements in their respective standard states. Find the number of millimoles of the indicated species in 64mg of P2O5.? CO2(gas) -> C(diamond) + O2(gas) , H=+395.4 kJ/mol. The end result when you add these two together is this equation...note that the CO2 and O2 gas drops out of the equation: C(graphite) --> C(diamond) , H = -393.5 + 395.4 = +1.9 KJ/mol, Remember, you flipped the second equation and not the first because you wanted to FORM , i.e. Carbon occurs in two forms: graphite and diamond. Determine the amount of steam (in g) needed for the system to reach a final temperature of 48.0°C. In biology class today my teacher played a porn video to show what they were talking about Should I talk to the principal to get her fired. Get your answers by asking now. The reason being, you are looking for the enthalpy of FORMATION of DIAMOND. An enthalpy change that occurs specifically under standard conditions is called the standard enthalpy (or heat) of reaction and is given the symbol . 3 energy reaction diamond ΔH = 1.9 kJ/mol graphite By Hess's Law, you change the sign of the enthalpy for the second reaction (because you reversed it), and add it to the enthalpy of the first.