Kassfeldt, E., and D. Goran, Environmentally Adapted Hydraulic Oils, Wear 207:41–45 (1997). 7 illustrates the viscosity behavior of an extra heavy crude oil treated in accordance with the present invention at different temperatures. Can somebody give me some guidance or tips for better results? The viscosity of the extra-heavy crude oil is reduced by 5-10 times through the addition of 0.5 to 10% wt. I know one way is to mix it with the same grade of oil from the same producer of a lower viscosity. (U.S. Pat. Saponins are high molecular weight glycosides, consisting of a sugar moiety linked to a triterpene or steroid aglycone. (NEW HAVEN, CT, US), Click for automatic bibliography Mineral oil blends did not follow the observed rules. In accordance with the present invention, it has been found that extract from the fruit pods of Sapindus Saponaria can be mixed with paraffins and olefins and added to the heavy and extra heavy crude oils. It has high skin penetration value as compare to other vegetable oil. FIG. 2a shows an image of an extra heavy crude oil without the additive of the present invention and shows signs of very high surface tension; FIG. Hayes et al. The ratio of ingredients, the repetition of certain types of extractions, the methods of concentration etc. Viscosity depends on the intermolecular bonding, hydrogen bonding and length of hydrocarbon chain. There are some old methods for that, which take a long time and are not very accurate. I'm extracting genomic DNA from Eucalyptus rhizosphere with PowerSoil Pro kit and the highest yield I'm getting is 3,5 ng/uL max. Following the protocol, I got less than 1 ng/uL :(. Google Scholar. No. The ethanolic extract contains crude saponin or unpurified saponin. A method for increasing mobility of a heavy crude oil includes mixing an additive containing saponins and fatty acids with a heavy crude oil, wherein the saponins are derived from, BACHMAN & LAPOINTE, P.C. The FTIR spectral characteristics of an extra heavy crude oil with and without the saponin additive in accordance with the present invention was also taken, and results of this analysis are shown in FIGS. This can reduce the cost for transportation of the heavy and extra heavy crude oils allowing such potentially valuable crude oils to be transported as needed. Asadauskas, S., and S.Z. The saponins of interest are glycosidic natural plant products, composed of a glycone to which is attached one or more glycosidic chains. © 2008-2020 ResearchGate GmbH. The pericarp is placed in an extractor such as a Soxhlet extractor and crude saponins can be extracted with absolute ethanol. The absolute viscosities of the different vegetable oils were determined using a Lamy Viscometer RM100, a rotating viscometer with coaxial cylinder. Accordingly, other embodiments are within the scope of the following claims. FIG. 39:9, 1787–1806 (1917). 9–11. Technical opportunities for advancement in reduction of viscosity of heavy crude oil include mechanical systems and saponins/fatty acids in systems which are dispersed through the oil without creation of water/oil emulsions. It is believed that the additive decreases viscosity through the fatty acid dispersing from the cells of asphaltenes and resins and being absorbed in the interface, and the polar interaction remains and is stabilized by the saponins. People are also like cosmetic nature with therapeutic value. I've already made changes in the protocol (amount of sample, time of shaking on thermoblock, increasing temperatures, etc) and got nothing different. https://www.lighting.philips.com/main/prof/conventional-lamps-and-tubes/special-lamps/colored-and-blacklightblue-blb/tl-mini-blacklight-blue/928001010803_EU/product, https://www.sylvania-lighting.com/product/en-int/products/0000024/, Extraction and GC-MS analysis of the essential oil of Comptonia peregrina (L.) Coulter. Socket is G5, connection T5, 8W (The Lamp is about 15-16mm in diameter,and has a total length of about 30-30,2cm). Sometimes I get NO oil out of the bottle, then, the next essential oil pours out like water. These properties make it difficult to transport the extra heavy crude oil by pipeline. There are many Hair Oils in market, most of them are thin watery in nature, the oil prepared as per classical ayurveda methods are not like that, why? It is often one of the first parameters measured by most oil analysis labs because of its importance to oil condition and lubrication. This technology includes methods and compositions to facilitate the transportation and combustion of highly viscous hydrocarbons by forming reduced viscosity hydrocarbon in water emulsions, and in particular, bioemulsifier stabilized hydrocarbon in water emulsions. But i am not sure if these are suitable for use as replacement in a UV-Lamp for TLC Documentation. In accordance with the invention, the additive is formed by mixing the saponins and fatty acid in accordance with the present invention. Article  Kendall, J., and K.P. This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access. Gary, J.H., and G.E. The key difference between the two spectra shown in FIGS. Oil Chem. CMC, phosphatidylcholine, egg yolk may be used. Volatile Constituents Isolated from Capparis flexuosa of Brazil. Thank you. Blending is often used to reduce the viscosity of vegetable oil lubricants. A method of reducing the viscosity in heavy and extra heavy crude oil using the viscosity reducer is also disclosed. II. Correlation of viscosities of vegetable oil blends with selected esters and hydrocarbons. The Viscosity-Composition Curve for Ideal Liquid Mixtures, J. 3 and 4. It has high skin penetration value as compare to other vegetable oil. CAS  Irving, J.B., Viscosities of Binary Liquid Mixtures: A Survey of Mixture Equations, NEL Report No. In accordance with the invention, the saponins are mixed with fatty acids such as a mixture of paraffins and olefins in order to prepare the additive of the present invention. Data 39:298–301 (1994). 1–9. 7 show viscosity behavior of the tested samples at different temperatures, and the best results are shown with the additive in accordance with the present invention. Central Salt and Marine Chemicals Research Institute.