Du Bois and William Jackie Robinson became the first black to play major league baseball. 1922 1929 This is a short history of Africa excluding Egypt, Ethiopia and (Dutch and British) South Africa, which are the subjects of separate histories. June 22. they tried to escape to Florida. lynchings. July 1. is claimed that some 5,000 blacks were prepared to rise in July. 1960 1905 1777 1942 The Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee was founded in three-fifths of a man in determining representation in the House of Representatives. February 14. April 15-17. 1849 Richard Allen founded the Bethel African Methodist Church in Philadelphia. 0000001942 00000 n Some 5,000 would participate on the American side before the end of the 0000002476 00000 n assassinated on February 21, 1965. 1808 This final episode achieved The criterion for being classified as black was having 1/32nd Negro blood. Rosa Parks refused to change August 11-21. President Franklin D. Roosevelt issued an executive order forbidding history. units precede this date, but they were disbanded as unofficial. The civil rights movement was a struggle for justice and equality for African Americans that took place mainly in the 1950s and 1960s. Martin Luther King was assassinated 1797 1966 March 30. !��þ�d5�!S&�zM>�e����]��%?�q�Q;��q$ݘr'�j���ܴY��u�%5��͛4����{ǀ�MO��b����p�K�K3��������"���x���}�/��� 9lzY~5M�lх���a�=gat. 0000003561 00000 n from Elijah Muhammad's Nation of Islam. July 20. once and that unitary school systems were required. More than 40 riots and 100 other disturbances occurred. July 17. September 9. March 1. He would be August 23. %%EOF 1895 January 15. Jackie Robinson became the first black to play major league baseball. Raleigh, North Carolina. Nine young blacks were accused of raping two white women in a boxcar. Congress to restrict slavery in any federal territory. the country. March 14. The Thirteenth Amendment, outlawing slavery, was passed by Congress. April 24. 1816 These are the years usually assigned to the Harlem Renaissance, which marks an epoch in black the American side at the Battle of Bunker Hill. national attention. President Ronald Reagan signed the bill establishing a federal holiday in honor of lynchings. courthouse. units precede this date, but they were disbanded as unofficial. 1942 October 16. that of Massachusetts. {r�$��]���������a���\TY�aR@���QU�5S�����E�0L�@�@�!\& CE�cL-`�( States Surgeon General. May 13. September. from Elijah Muhammad's Nation of Islam. April. January 1. They led a sit-in at a Chicago restaurant. 0000006244 00000 n The report also pointed out that the dual school system 1957 1974 Malcolm X announced his split SCLC did He was convicted in 1925 and deported in 1927 after serving Crispus Attucks, an escaped slave, was among the five victims in the Boston More than 40 blacks were eventually executed. voting. July 6. 1905 Palestine. 1964 1839 damage of about 225 million dollars. The Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee was founded in 1937 The Constitution of the United States allowed a male slave to count as 1913: Native Land Act, cornerstone … Tennessee passed a law requiring segregation in railroad cars. 1993 He was very light skinned and was married to a white woman. 1980 1941 June. black denomination in the United States. A. Philip Randolph organized the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters. 1964 November 1. He is said to have been the first to fall. 1950 Sit-ins in Greensboro, North Carolina, initiated a wave of similar protests February 1. By 1907 all Southern states had June 22. The Emancipation Proclamation freed all slaves in states in rebellion against 1936 January 1. not and the NAACP emphatically did not. 1977 Toni Morrison was the first black American to win the Nobel Prize in Literature. July. 1868 1967 1912 startxref Oxford, Pennsylvania. September 9. Whites did continue to control the Senate and became a September 22. Supreme Court. The Denmark Vesey conspiracy was betrayed in Charleston, South Carolina. A. Philip Randolph organized the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters. 1831 would return South at least twenty times, leading over 300 slaves to freedom. 1936 May 8. Booker T. Washington delivered the "Atlanta Compromise" speech at the Cotton States International Exposition in September. July 6. March 12. Barbara Harris was elected the first woman bishop of the Episcopal Church. The Southern Christian Leadership Conference was formed with Martin Luther King, Jr., as president. A. Philip Randolph organized the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters. November 4. 0000001552 00000 n March 6. April 3. nationwide protest movement. 0000003602 00000 n and History. August 1-2. April 4. identity was revealed after his death in 1862. 1918 1950 October 25. 1947 These are the years usually assigned to the Harlem Renaissance, which marks an epoch in black April 19. and History. by the Links, Inc., to the United Negro College Fund. Martin Luther King, Jr. In Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas, the Supreme Harold Washington won the Democratic party nomination for mayor of July 1-9. The Thirteenth Amendment, outlawing slavery, was passed by Congress. 1922 1929 1920 of blacks as soldiers. speech. The Supreme Court ruled that racial segregation in schools had to end at 1982 Du Bois. The largest single gift to date from a black organization was the $132,000 given Carol Moseley Braun of Illinois was the first black woman ever elected to March 14. November 8. September 18. April 9. September 7. September 22. This was the worst riot since those in Watts and Detroit in the 1960s. of blacks as soldiers. which continued until shortly after December 13, 1956, when the United States Supreme Court September 20-24. 1957 August 9. 1954 the country. guidance of W. E. B. African-Americans to end the First Seminole War. Garvey would be Garvey would be W. E. B. The Southern Christian Leadership Conference was formed with Martin Luther King, Jr., as president. Rosa Parks refused to change 1925 November 3. 1994 Congress passed the Voting Rights Bill of 1957, the first major civil rights December 1. August 28. once and that unitary school systems were required. September 20-24. mutual self-help group in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. H�b```#�*A��1����P0$��c�.���!r���N6�c\�p�!�@�Lk�dsՁ ��Jf�����.�h�X���� +Y)>a��涃]r^H[Hd��d�jRr�����#@�A0�};k1S6�bC��� �;"w��X�/��0�!8B��� �,�K�Q&pw�:��WE��?^;̜63m��̙6�dfZffڴ�i'����3�L; ����%�ֻ)Biϩ��@I�h���>0n�K�j�`\���Fϒ�M�g�.c�2u�k�-M�Ʊ�h������ς.��r�:Ny���1��B���D�j*����Ը}�Q-Z���{�U\ʚ�(Θ��ӄ��i��J�m.٧ 1940 was ratified. November 2. The case attracted May 29. 1992 Catholic Church, a breakaway group from the Roman Catholic Church. October 7. Toni Morrison was the first black American to win the Nobel Prize in Literature. June 18. literature and art. This was the eighth and final night for the miniseries based on Alex Haley's Roots. February 19-21. majority in the House in 1874. concept of separate but equal public facilities for blacks. 1937 1910 sailed it to Montauk on Long Island. Timeline of Events in African American History 1619 August 20. The Nat Turner revolt ran its course in Southampton County, Virginia. 1967 May 1-October 1. George Washington reversed previous policy and allowed the recruitment 0000001884 00000 n 1987 Richard Allen and Absalom Jones organized the Free African Society, a 1910 Chicago. legislation in more than 75 years. The slaves carried on the Spanish ship, Amistad, took over the vessel and January 16. May 8. damage of about 225 million dollars. "The Cosby Show" broadcast the final original episode of its highly successful May 23. 0000018823 00000 n The Watts riots left 34 dead, more than 3,500 arrested, and property The African Free School of New York City was opened. Monroe Trotter were among the leaders of the meeting from which sprung the Niagara June. were tried for their lives in Scottsboro, Alabama, and hastily convicted. Some blacks and whites organized the Congress of Racial Equality in Chicago. in both North and South before the Civil War.