Here is a list of immediate reforms that we need to take up to not just avert accidents but also to punish the perpetrators in exemplary manner: Thus, it is mandatory to pay compensation, whether or not the disaster was caused by its negligence. ✿ Ensuring a workplace that is orderly - Poor housekeeping can cause serious health and safety hazards. a thing that is likely to cause mischief or damage to other people in person or their property on its escape. In other words, under it, a party/company in a hazardous industry cannot claim any exemption. In the evening, two boilers exploded at NLC India Limited’s thermal power station at Neyveli, Tamil Nadu, injuring eight people. Take the case of LG Polymer India Pvt. IPC is India’s comprehensive criminal code. Lacunas in the current consent conditions and authorisation: These pollutants are monitored on a continuous basis by the board every 30 minutes. Expansion means more storage, importing means risk associated with transportation, handling in port related to loading and unloading and the same in factory premises. These groups are also required to set-up a quick response mechanism termed as the Crisis Alert System. How can we achieve this? To set this degree of accountability and culpability, we must empower NGT further. It also helped in the fault-finding in the entire detection and alert system of the styrene gas. The real-time ambient air monitoring stations network of the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) monitor three volatile organic compounds (VOCs) - Xylene (C8H10), Benzene (C6H6), Toluene (C7H8) - in Visakhapatnam district, 14 km downstream of the spot where the gas-leak incident occurred. ✿ Incorporate a working and tested safety and wellness plan - The foundation for a safe work environment is an effective accident prevention and wellness programme. Vizag Gas Leak: Following Supreme Court precedent in MC Mehta case and Bhopal Gas Tragedy, principle of absolute liability applies. However, such punishment can be challenged in a court of law, which is the final authority. This can be exercised until the authorities concerned come up with other similar deterrence mechanisms for such industries. Screening applicants is a safeguard for placement with the appropriate positions matching their physical capabilities. These SoPs help in getting information about the processes, the chemicals being used and level of toxicity, precautions to be taken and steps to be taken in case of emergency spill or release. The plant was using styrene monomer (C8H8) to produce expandable plastics. There is a need to ensure the safety at two ends—on-site and off-site. After the Bhopal gas tragedy, Indian parliament enacted many laws to protect and safeguard the environment. b. The Environment (Protection) Act, 1986, is the omnibus Act that gives sweeping powers to the Central government to take all measures to protect the environment. The result was leakage of 3 tonnes of the toxic gas (see ‘What is styrene and how toxic it is’). This aspect really limits the working of SPCBs and also impacts the overall inspection process. The industry cannot plead that all safety measures were taken care of by them and that there was negligence on their part. Presently, most such cases are filed in NGT if they are within the purview of one or more of the following regulations: The Water (Prevention and Control) of Pollution Act, 1974; The Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980; The Air (Prevention and Control) of Pollution Act, 1981; The Environment (Protection) Act, 1986; The Public Liability Insurance Act, 1991; and The Biological Diversity Act, 2002. Furthermore, the senior management must also undertake independent review and audit of all the systems of the plant, especially with regards to its existing safety systems, and must strive to design and update its SoPs for safety standards and guidelines and mandate it for everyone to follow.